Accessible,safe water for humans, llivestock, and farming is a global issue. Who gets access to fresh water is creating tensions in many regions of the world. In most of the Middle East, water is scarce and precious. Globally, for almost 2 billion people, access to water is distant and must be hand carried. Drinking unsafe water causes an estimated 7 million deaths a year. Disposing of waste water which is polluting rivers and aquifers is a global environmental problem. But waste water can be treated and made safe for re-use. World wide, 70% of all fresh water is used for agriculture. The staple food of Asia, rice, requires vast amounts of water. In China, 70% of the water in the Yellow River has been diverted into agriculture along its banks. Irrigated agriculture provides 70% of all Chinese grain production. But the water level of the Yellow river has dropped significantly. Managing water resources is now a top priority for China. In Jordan, fresh water is scarce, and because it is shared with neighboring countries, is causing disputes. What can be done? Desalinization of sea water, at present, is too expensive. More efficient drip-irrigation systems are being used, and irrigation using salt water has been developed. With an ever-increasing global growth in population and industrial development, the world is facing the fact that fresh water is limited and precious.